Fragment of Russian America

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komandory_1The news about discovered lands became a stimulus for Russian pioneers - industrialists, merchants - to develop Aleutians, Alaska, and a large area of North America down to California.


The permanent population on the Islands appeared in the first quarter of the 19th century, when the Russian-American Company in 1825 brought settlers-Aleuts for conducting fur fisheries. Their descendants live in the Bering island in our days. Speaking about the Aleutian, it is impossible not to say about Saint Innokenty (Veniaminov). From 1823 it was the missionary service of the vast spaces of Russian America. 45 years of his life to the education of the peoples of Siberia, Far East and North America, the future Apostle of America and Siberia. In harsh conditions, with significant risks for the life of Ivan Veniaminov baptized people of other faiths, the islanders, built temples, Командоры Церковь Командорские острова moved on kayaks together with aleuts from island to island, carrying the light of reason and Christian morality. Knowledge of crafts and arts aided him to survive in the difficult conditions of the then existence, far from Russia. Was he and the commander. Knowledge of the life of the people, their language, we largely owe Innokenty of Benjamin who wrote wonderful « Notes on the Islands of Department of Unalashkinsk».

At the end of the 19th century in the village of Havana on Bering island instead of the chapel of St. Innocent, at 1841 year was built Saint Nikolo – Innokenty’s Church.

Now commanders - the Aleutian district of the Kamchatka territory with one of the locality - the village of Nikolskoye on Bering island. The future commander of the economy is tourism.


The Islands occupy a very favorable position in the path of cruise ships. And the most important - it is the natural wealth of the commander. Extraordinary landscapes of the Islands, particularly picturesque island of Copper. Numerous bird colonies, rookeries of marine mammals (seals, sea lions, sea otters attract tourists. In the recent years has increased the number of cetaceans in the water area of the Islands, to see which is not difficult, especially from the side of a cruise ship. Commanders - exclusive corner of the planet. 

Церковь Командорские острова

Commanders have never been a part of the mainland - they represent the remnants of the ancient underwater volcanoes. At the present time there are no manifestations of volcanic activity. Vegetation is presented by Bush and grass. There are no trees, only in the flood-lands of some rivers can see the original forests of Alaska willow-tree with the size of a man. Terrestrial fauna is poor: from predators is only Fox and mink, ran away in the 60-ies of the 20 century with the animal farms and заселившая almost the entire island. Living on the Bering island reindeer introduced by man. Boggle the imagination of the colonies of sea birds, or as they are often called, bird colonies: elegant axes, strict Guillemot, fulmars, horned puffin, gulls, etc. The sea water around the commander unusually productive. The abundance of plankton, zooplankton collects a huge amount of invertebrates, fish, marine mammals. By Soviet times, was imposed a ban on commercial fishing in a 30-mile area, organized by the complex reserve. In 1993, has been created the state land and in the marine reserve, which comprises all the Islands of the commander of the archipelago and the adjacent 30-mile water area. In 2002, he was included in number of world reserves, having received the status of biosphere reserve. The commander is one of the largest natural reserves of Russia. There is a construction of social objects, was built a Church, a place of construction was consecrated by Patriarch Kirill. Commanders not only territory, it is an Outpost of the Russian state in the North-East. Here is not ends but Russia begins, - said in his address to the inhabitants his Holiness the Patriarch.


As two of the sailing ship in Pacific ocean is floating two island - Bering and Medniy islands - Commanders.

Andrey Strelnikov


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